Resources at Perseus

Perseus is a site run by Tufts university dedicated to the study of ancient Greek literature. It runs from a site in the  USA with mirrors in USA: ChicagoGermany or UK. If one of them is down or being reorganised, try the others.

The sites include:
Greek TextsLatin Texts  many in English; Greek & Latin Papyri  with powerful search
Language Tools and Dictionaries including:
Greek Lexicon (Liddell-Scott-Jones) with synonyms, context analysis, Gramatical analysis, Fonts
Latin Lexicon (Lewis & Short) with synonyms and Gramatical analysis
Art & Archaeology, Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Subject Lookup tool
Its main resources are:

A large number of articles on all aspects of the Greek life and History, together with maps, a gazeteer, some books, including Greek grammars, and a huge database of pictures. Start with the Contents Search or the Index Search.

Platner and Ashby's dictionary of 1928 contains a wealth of references to scholarship and primary source materials for studying the growth and development of Rome from a literary, historical, and archaeological perspective. Updated with links to hundreds of photographs. Search for place names or dates. These may one day be linked to their world atlas.

A large number of Greek works (including the New Testament) and some significant Latin works. Most words are tagged to produce an English definition and morphological analysis when you click on them. Hint: the definitions always go to a separate window which sometimes gets hidden under your main browser window. One can search these texts for English words & phrases, Greek words, Greek phrases, Latin words or Latin phrases in their lexical form.

Almost all published Greek and Latin papyri are here. They have been imported from the PHI Duke Papyri. Most words are tagged to produce an English definition and morphological analysis when you click on them. Hint: the definitions always go to a separate window which sometimes gets hidden under your main browser window. You can search them for Greek words, phrases or words near each other, in lexical or morphological form.

Words can be looked up Greek or in Latin. and one can search the definitions in order to go from English to Greek or English to Latin. Includes Liddell & Scott Intermediate Lexicon (ML), Liddell-Scott-Jones Lexicon of Classical Greek (LSJ9), and the Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary. When the entry includes examples which are in the Perseus site, one can click on them to read them.

Type in an unaccented Greek or Latin word, and get a morphological analysis, with links to lexicons for fuller definitions.

Whenever you search the lexicons for a Greek or Latin word a table of "Words With Similar Definitions" (Synonyms) and "Words That Regularly Appear With" (Contextual Analysis) are produced. A longer list of Synonyms and Contextual Analysis are available by clicking on the relevant link in each table. These are two powerful tools, but they should be used with care because they are based on computer analysis rather than human selection. The Synonyms are collected by looking for similar English definitions, so they may not be synonyms at all. The Contextual analysis looks for words which commonly occur within 5 words. One can also make a list of synonyms by seaching the English to Greek or English to Latin lexicons.

Fonts:

You do not need to install any fonts to use Perseus, because the Greek can be read in a very straightforward Latin transliteration font, though without accents:

However, to use the resources fully, you will probably want to install a Greek font onto your computer. There are three main choices, and you can install more than one if you wish.

SMK Athenian: (Free, for PC & Mac). This works the best on the Perseus site, and it looks good if you copy and paste into a word processor. It may not work well with Word 97, though there is a fix. It is not easy to type Greek using this font, though you can buy a keyboard program to make it easier.

SGreek fixed: (Free, for PC only). This works well with the Perseus site, but it does not look good if you copy and paste into a word processor. It is relatively easy to type Greek using this font.

SGreek: (Shareware, $20, PC only) This works well with the Perseus site and it looks good if you copy and paste into a word processor. It is relatively easy to type Greek using this font.

When you have installed a font, follow these Instructions to get your WWW browser to use it.